ijaers social
google plus

International Journal of Advanced
Engineering, Management and Science

ijaems google ijaems academia ijaems pbn nauka gov JournalToc Scilit logo neliti neliti microsoft academic search Tyndale Library WorldCat indiana Library WorldCat aalborg university Library J-Gate academickeys ijaems rootindexing ijaems reddit ijaems research bib ijaems slideshare ijaers digg ijaems tumblr ijaems plurk ijaems I2OR ijaems ASI ijaems bibsonomy

A Study of the Relationship between Work Engagement and Job Satisfaction in Private Companies in Kurdistan
( Vol-3,Issue-12,December 2017 )


Kofand Anwar, Goran Hussein Qadir


Engagement, Job satisfaction, Kurdistan.


The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between work engagement and job satisfaction. The research aimed to examine each of ( equal opportunities, personal influence, nature of career, development opportunity, employee recognition, work challenge, supervisor behaviour, ethics and integrity, and job empowerment) and its relationship with job satisfaction in private companies in Erbil. The researcher used quantitative research method in order to measure the relationship between work engagement and job satisfaction, however only 108 respondents were participated in the current study. The researcher used multiple regression analysis to measure the relationship among variables. The researcher found that workplace challenge had the highest value among other work engagement elements = .671 and P-value = .000 which indicates that many private companies’ employees are engaged to their job because of time management, Overwhelming workloads and communication. This research highlighted the significance of workplace challenge that inspires the individuals to be more engaged to their organization. Employee engagement is a positive attitude towards the workplace and is the degree that an individual is bind to the organization. Only small number of employees had participated in this research from private companies in Kurdistan, which limits the outcome of the study.

ijaers doi crossrefDOI:


Cite This Article:
Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)
Paper Statistics:
  • Total View : 135
  • Downloads : 12
  • Page No: 1102-1110

[1] Andrew, N., Amanda,A., Ingrid, N., Stacey, C., Anthony, L., and Kathryn, P. (2017).The work-based predictors of job engagement and job satisfaction experienced by community health professionals. Health Care Management Review, 42(3), 237-246, doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000104
[2] Aunola, M., Seppälä, K. and Hakanen, J. (2016), Work engagement–team performance relationship: shared job crafting as a moderator. Journal of Occupation Organizational Psychology, 89: 772–790. doi:10.1111/joop.12154
[3] Bakker, A. and Demerouti, E. (2017). Strategic and proactive approaches to work engagement. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 22(3), 273–285, doi: 10.1016/j.orgdyn.2017.04.002
[4] Bartak, J. and Jabłoński, T. (2016). Human Capital Versus Income Variations: Are They Linked in OECD Countries?. Journal of Management and Business Administration Central Europe, 24(2),56-73, DOI: 10.7206/jmba.ce.2450-7814.169
[5] Boamah S.A., Read E.A. & Spence Laschinger H.K. (2017) Factors influencing new graduate nurse burnout development, job satisfaction and patient care quality: a time-lagged study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(5), 1182–1195. doi: 10.1111/jan.13215
[6] Ilkhanizadeh, S. and Karatepe, O. (2017). An examination of the consequences of corporate social responsibility in the airline industry: Work engagement, career satisfaction, and voice behaviour. Journal of Air Transport Management, 59, 8-17, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jairtraman.2016.11.002
[7] Karanika-Murray, M., Duncan, N., Pontes, H., Griffiths, M. (2015) "Organizational identification, work engagement, and job satisfaction". Journal of Managerial Psychology, 30(8),1019-1033,doi:https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-11-2013-0359
[8] Karatepe, O., and Olugbade, O. (2016). "The mediating role of work engagement in the relationship between high-performance work practices and job outcomes of employees in Nigeria", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,28(10),2350-2371,doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-03-2015-0145
[9] Knight, C. Patterson, M. and Dawson, J. (2017). Building work engagement: A systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the effectiveness of work engagement interventions. Journal of Organizational Behavior,8(6),792–812
[10] Kooij, D., Tims, M., & Akkermans, J. (2017). The influence of future time perspective on work engagement and job performance: the role of job crafting. European Journal of Work and Organization Psychology, 26(1), 4-15, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2016.1209489
[11] Li, M., Wang, Z., Gao, J., and You, X. (2017). Proactive Personality and Job Satisfaction: the Mediating Effects of Self-Efficacy and Work Engagement in Teachers. A Journal for Diverse Perspectives on Diverse Psychological Issues, 36(1), 48–55 |
[12] Lu, C., Wang, H., Lu, J., Du, D., and Bakker, A.(2014).Does work engagement increase person–job fit? The role of job crafting and job insecurity. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 84(2), 142-152, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2013.12.004
[13] Lu, L., Chieh, A., Gursoy, D., and Neale, N. (2016) "Work engagement, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions: A comparison between supervisors and line-level employees", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 28(4), 737-761,doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-07-2014-0360
[14] Moura, D., Orgambídez-Ramos, A. and Gonçalves, G.(2014).Role Stress and Work Engagement as Antecedents of Job Satisfaction: Results From Portugal. Europe's Journal of Psychology, 10(2), 291–300, doi:10.5964/ejop.v10i2.714
[15] Mróz, J., and Kaleta, K. (2016).relationships between personality, Emotional labor, work engagement and job satisfaction in service professions. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 29(5), 1-16, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00578
[16] Orgambídez-Ramos A., Borrego-Alés Y., and Mendoza-Sierra, I. (2014). Role stress and work engagement as antecedents of job satisfaction in Spanish workers. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 7(1), 360-372, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3926/jiem.992
[17] Orgamidez-Romsa, A. and Almeidab, H. (2017). Work engagement, social support, and job satisfaction in Portuguese nursing staff: A winning combination. Applied Nursing Research, 36, 37-41,doi: doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2017.05.012
[18] Pawłowska, A. and Zdziarski, M. (2015). Dimensionality of Leadership in the Perceptions of Senior Human Resource Executives in Poland. Journal of Management and Business Administration Central Europe, 23(1),49-68, DOI: 10.7206/mba.ce.2084-3356.133
[19] Rayton, B. & Yalabik, Z. (2014).Work engagement, psychological contract breach and job satisfaction. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(17), 2382-2400, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2013.876440
[20] Trochimiuk , P. (2015). Professional Development of Older Employees in Small and Medium Enterprises. Journal of Management and Business Administration Central Europe, 23(1),56-73, DOI: 10.7206/mba.ce.2084-3356.135
[21] Vera M., Martínez,. I., Lorente, L., and Chambel, M. (2016). The Role of Co-worker and Supervisor Support in the Relationship between Job Autonomy and Work Engagement Among Portuguese Nurses: A Multilevel Study. Social Indicators Research, 126(3),1143-1156, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-015-0931-8
[22] Wingerden, J., Derks, D., Bakker, A. (2017). The Impact of Personal Resources and Job Crafting Interventions on Work Engagement and Performance. Human resource management Journal, 56(1), 51-67, doi:10.1002/hrm.21758
[23] Yuang, Y., Lee, J., McFadden, A., Murphy, L., Robertson, M., Cheung, J., and Zohar, D. (2016). Beyond safety outcomes: An investigation of the impact of safety climate on job satisfaction, employee engagement and turnover using social exchange theory as the theoretical framework. Journal of Applied Ergonomics, 55, 248-257,doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2015.10.007