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International Journal of Advanced Engineering, Management and Science


Effects of pH, Dosage, Temperature and Mixing Speed on The Efficiency of Water Melon Seed in Removing the Turbidity and Colour of Atabong River, Awka-Ibom State, Nigeria

( Vol-3,Issue-5,May 2017 )

Author(s): Ezeh Ernest, Okeke Onyeka, Nwosu David, Okeakpu Blessing



Total View : 631
Downloads : 19
Page No: 427-434
ijaems crossref doiDOI: 10.24001/ijaems.3.5.4

Keywords:

Turbidity, Colour, Watermelon seed, Coagulation and Water.

Abstract:

Studies were carried out to determine the effects of operating parameters such as temperature, pH, dosage and mixing speed on the efficiency of watermelon seed in removing the turbidity and colour of Atabong River, which serves the people of Eket and their environs in Akwa-Ibom State. Results obtained showed that at an ideal pH of 7.5, temperature of 25oC, dosage of 0.6g/l and mixing speed of 120rpm the water melon coagulum removed turbidity and colour of the raw river water by 87.9% and 84.3% respectively. At this optimum conditions, water melon coagulum decreased the raw water turbidity from 67.7 to 8.18 NTU and colour, 318 to 50 TCU. The findings have demonstrated the effectiveness of water melon seeds as a possible replacement for chemicals like alum and ferric salts normally used in coagulation-flocculation water treatment.

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