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International Journal of Advanced Engineering, Management and Science


Rainfall Pattern and Groundwater Fluctuation in Ramganga River Basin at Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh, India

( Vol-2,Issue-6,June 2016 )

Author(s): S .S. Tripathi, R.K.Isaac



Total View : 971
Downloads : 53
Page No: 576-587
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Keywords:

Rainfall, Groundwater level fluctuation, Unconfined aquifer, Infiltration, Hydrologic cycle.

Abstract:

Rainfall is an important factor in hydrological cycle that acts as the major source of all water resources on earth. The amount, intensity and areal distribution of rainfall are essential factors in many hydrologic studies and vary geographically, temporally & seasonally. Groundwater is the invisible and real indicator of the above complex processes happening in varying time and space. The process of variation of groundwater table of an unconfined aquifer due to rainfall is a complex one. It involves flow through unsaturated regions of the aquifer. The rate of infiltration depends upon soil moisture level present in the soil, type and density of cover and type of land use. Due urbanization and population growth, groundwater draft has increased and recharge due to rainfall has decreased resulting in a steady declination of groundwater table in the study area. For that, groundwater management has become need of the hour to tackle the emerging problem of groundwater depletion and water scarcity. Aim of the present study is to analyze the rainfall variation impacts on groundwater table in the study area. An attempt has been made to evaluate six rain gauge stations data of 10 years duration (2004-13) in determining the rainfall variation along with data of six observation well points situated on the same area to determine the groundwater table fluctuation during the same period (2004-13) so as to have a firsthand information about the groundwater table variation and its relation with the rainfall being received.

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